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  Zanko J Med Sci:  Aug. 2017; 21 (2): 1701-1707

Angiographic profile in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with coronary artery disease in the Cardiac Specialty Hospital – Cardiac Center, Erbil, Iraq

Mudhafar Abdulrahman Albarzani*

 
* Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
 


Abstract

Background and objective: Diabetic patients show two to three times higher risk of developing coronary artery disease than non-diabetics particularly in type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to find out the adverse effects of type 2 diabetes on coronary artery anatomy and the association of different socio-demographic characteristics with diabetic and non-diabetic patients with coronary artery disease. 

Methods: An angiographic based cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 patients with coronary artery disease attending cardiac specialty hospital – cardiac center in Erbil city between May and September 2015. Seventy five patients of them were type-2 diabetes and others were non-diabetics. 

Results: Significantly higher differences in age, sedentary lifestyle, and hypertension were seen among type-2 diabetics than non-diabetics. Development of critical and diffuse coronary artery lesions was significantly higher among type-2 diabetics than non-diabetics. Triple vessels disease was significantly higher among type-2 diabetic patients.  

Conclusion: Type-2 diabetes significantly affects the anatomy of coronary arteries, and is associated with age, sedentary lifestyle, and hypertension. The findings are comparable to those of different studies in different countries.

Keywords: Coronary artery disease; Angiography; Type-2 diabetes.



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