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  Zanko J Med Sci:  Dec. 2016; 20 (3): 1396-1403

The effect of adenoid size on tympanometric finding in children

Farhad Jalil Khayat*, Said Mustafa Said*, Hanna Hanano Kasho*, Bashir Jalal Jamil**

* Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.

** Directorate of Health, Erbil, Iraq.

dx.doi.org/10.15218/zjms.2016.0037


Abstract

Background and objective: There are controversial reports regarding the effect of adenoid size on middle ear conditions. Enlarged adenoid size may cause nasopharyngeal obstruction or may act as a reservoir for infection and cause tympanometric changes. This study aimed to determine the correlation between adenoid size and tympanometric findings in children.

Methods: This prospective study included 71 children aged 3-10 years old attending Rizgary Teaching Hospital for adenotonsillectomy between August 2013 to January 2014. Questions about upper airway obstruction symptoms were directed to parents and patients. Tympanometry and plane radiological study of lateral soft tissue of the neck were done for each case. Tympanometric type A and C1 were considered normal while B and C2 as abnormal. The adenoid size was measured by using adenoidal/nasopharyngeal ratio. 

Results: Of 71 children (142 ears), 20 children (40 ears) had gross adenoid enlargement, of which tympanometry was found to be normal in 75% and abnormal in 25%. In 28 children (56 ears) with moderate adenoid enlargement, tympanometry was normal in 78.6% and abnormal in 21.4%. Twenty three children (46 ears) had minimal adenoid enlargement, in which tympanometry was normal in 91.3% and abnormal in 8.7%. 

Conclusion: The study showed that adenoid size in children had an effect on tympanometric readings. Although the incidence of abnormal tympanometry was higher with the increased adenoid size but it was statistically non-significant. 

Keywords: Adenoiditis; Adenoid hypertrophy; Nasopharyngeal tonsil; Tympanometry.


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